endoscope method

method of testing whether a pearl is natural or cultured.

epithelial cells

cells on the shell side of a mollusk’s mantle tissue produce mother-of-pearl and nacre

epithelial graft tissue

piece of mantle tissue from a donor mollusk rooted with a mother-of-pearl bead in the gonad or other body part of a host mollusk to produce a cultured pearl


this covers the mantle of the pearl, protecting the surface that may come into contact with foreign substances